In the first stage, Inventory scope was defined (organization facilities and activities contemplated – organizational limit). Then, the organization’s GHG sources and sinks were identified, data collection process was carried out (by regional and corporate units) and emissions were calculated (using emission factors for conversion/ accounting) with the aid of a specialized software.
We conducted the inventory for base years 2020, 2021 and 2022; identifying that the results are compatible with the energy sector, particularly the electricity transmission sector, highlighting emissions related to land-use change processes such as vegetation removal, mobile combustion due to the company’s own fleet, and fugitive emissions such as the replacement of SF6 insulating gas, under Scope 1; and Transmission Loss, under Scope 2.
Concessions are responsible for managing the infrastructure of facilities and equipment, as well as ensuring the availability of the transmission lines. On the other hand, the ONS, by coordinating and controlling the operation of electric energy in the SIN, imposes restrictions on the establishment of mitigation actions and targets in relation to Scope 2, that is, to the loss of energy during the transmission process.
Due to this specific context of the Brazilian electric sector, there is a challenge on how to set goals aligned with SBTi initiatives, Race to Zero, Business Ambition for 1.5ºC and NET ZERO Ambition by the Global Compact, designed to comply with and adhere both to Global Compact and to the Paris Agreement, which the Company supports. Thus, we at TAESA are monitoring all these initiatives; we have established actions such as campaigns and training related to the topic; firefighting training and fire reduction; forest restoration; nursery cultivation and distribution of seedlings; and we are building a plan of action and targets to combat Climate Change to be implemented by 2030.