REGISTER
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IBOV -0.19% (0.00)
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TAEE11 0.74% (0.00)
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EIGPM1 -197.00% (-0.64)
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EIPCA1 33.30% (1.16)
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IEEX 0.95% (0.00)
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IBXX -0.21% (0.00)
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IGCX -0.32% (0.00)
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The National Interconnected System (SIN) is a large-size system of electric power generation and transmission, operated by companies of public and private nature, managed by the National Electric System Operator (ONS). This system is responsible for serving about 98% of the Brazilian electricity market and the extension of its grid reaches approximately 156,8 km of lines with voltage greater than or equal to 230kV.

ONS is composed of associate members and participating members, who are the generation, transmission and distribution companies, free consumers, importers, and exporters of energy. The Ministry on Mines and Energy (MME) and representatives of Consumer Councils also participate on it.

In order to exercise its legal attributions and fulfill its institutional mission, ONS develops a series of studies and actions carried out on the system and its proprietary agents to manage the different energy sources and the transmission grid, in order to guarantee the security of the continuous power supply throughout the country, with the objectives of:

(a) promoting the optimization of the electroenergetic system operation, aiming at the lowest cost for the system, observing the technical standards and the reliability criteria established in the Network Proceedings approved by the Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency (ANEEL);

(b) ensuring that all electrical sector agents have access to the transmission grid in a non-discriminatory manner; and

(c) contributing, according to the nature of its activities, so that the expansion of the SIN is made at the lowest cost and aining at the best future operating conditions.

The Transmission Service Agreement (CPST – Contrato de Prestação do Serviço de Transmissão) is concluded between ONS and the concessionaires of public transmission service. It establishes the technical and commercial terms and conditions for the provision of transmission services. In it, the transmission concessionaires assume responsibility for the operation and maintenance of the transmission facilities and receive Annual Permitted Revenues (RAP) for the availability of these facilities, being discounted for any observed unavailability. Through this instrument, the transmission agents authorize ONS to perform all the necessary acts on their behalf before the users of the transmission grid in the Agreements of Usage of the Transmission System (CUST – Contratos de Uso do Sistema de Transmissão).

The transmission assets that form this grid are regulated by the Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency (ANEEL), which in turn regulates this sector through a Revenue Cap model. According to this model, the companies that operate the assets receive revenues based on line availability and not based on volume of energy transmitted in the system. Therefore, the transmission sector is not exposed to volume risk.

We believe that the management of ONS supported by the regulatory model adopted by ANEEL has made the transmission market in Brazil evolve in a safe and consistent manner. TAESA has never suffered significant losses due to lack of payment from its customers, which confirms its positioning in a stable and reliable regulatory framework.

It is worth mentioning that all TAESA’s concessions are part of the SIN.

The Transmission Expansion

The reliability of electrical systems and the quality of service in the energy market are closely related to the efficiency of their expansion, which depends on adequate planning. The planning of the expansion of the generation and transmission systems considers demand and growth in the period of analysis, aiming to define the set of works that will be necessary to guarantee the safety and quality of the system at the lowest global cost, including the electrical losses.

The Energy Research Office (EPE – Empresa de Pesquisa Energética), created in 2004 and linked to the Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME), is responsible for carrying out studies for the development of the Expansion Plans for Generation and Transmission of electric energy, in different horizons of analysis.

In order to complete the transmission planning cycle, ONS is responsible for formulating the Expansion and Reinforcement Plan (PAR – Plano de Ampliações e Reforços), within the framework of the operation studies, in which all necessary extensions and reinforcements are proposed for the Basic Network (Rede Básica) and for other transmission facilities (DITs), in order to ensure the quality and safety of the SIN.

(Source: http://ons.org.br)

 

The table below shows the SIN’s installed capacity in 2021 and 2025, and the share of each power source in the Brazilian energy matrix

GENERATION2021 - KM%2025 - km%VARIATION - km%
Hydroelectric108.64163,9%109.29960,3%6580,6%
Gas Thermal + GNL15.1998,9%18.61310,3%3.41422,5%
Wind18.45910,9%22.83812,6%4.37923,7%
Oil + Diesel Thermal4.2732,5%4.5612,5%2886,7%
Coal Thermal3.0171,8%3.0171,7% - 0,0%
Biomass14.1028,3%15.0968,3%9947,0%
Solar3.7942,2%5.2702,9%1.47638,9%
Nuclear1.9901,2%1.9901,1% - 0,0%
Other6400,4%6900,4%507,8%
Total170.115100%181.374100%11.2596,6%
Source: PMO February/2021

On April 2020, the Brazilian Electrical System reached 156,806 km of transmission lines, of which about 39% of the total corresponds to the 230 kV voltage class and 35% to 500 kV.

Despite this, in the expansion forecast for the next three years, the 500kV system should grow more than the 230kV system, considering mainly the reinforcement in the interconnections among the regions, which allows a greater optimization in the use of energy resources.

 

The table below shows the electric power transmission grid in the Brazilian Electrical System

TRANSMISSION GRID EXPANSION2020*¹ - MW%2025** - MW%VARIATION - MW%
800kV CC9.2046,32%9.2045,00%00,00%
750kV1.7221,18%1.7220,94%00,00%
600kV CC9.5446,55%9.5445,19%00,00%
500kV53.21436,55%76.22041,41%23.00643,23%
440kV6.9114,75%7.1303,87%2193,17%
345kV9.5516,56%11.1316,05%1.58016,54%
230kV55.45438,09%69.10337,54%13.64924,61%
Total145.600100%184.054100%38.45426,41%
Source: * Monthly Bulletin of the Brazilian Electrical System Monitoring – 2020 (MME website). ** Relevant Data from Operation / 2025 – PAR (ONS website).
¹ Considers the transmission lines in operation of the Basic Network, power plant connections, international interconnections, and 190.0 km installed in the isolated system of Boa Vista (State of Roraima).

Below is the map of the Brazilian transmission system, as published on the ONS website.

Market Share – Operational RAP (only categories 2 and 3)

Total: R$ 15.9 billions (2020-2021 Cycle)

  • Taesa | 14%
  • State Grid | 21%
  • Furnas | 14%
  • Eletronorte | 4%
  • Chesf | 4%
  • Alupar | 5%
  • Eletrosul | 4%
  • Cteep | 5%
  • Copel | 4%
  • Celeo | 3%
  • Elecnor | 2%
  • TPG | 3%
  • Other (Privates) | 17%
  • Other (State Owned) | 1%
Market Share – Total RAP* (only categories 2 and 3)

Total: R$ 23.5 billions (2020-2021 Cycle)

  • State Grid | 14%
  • Taesa | 12%
  • Furnas | 9%
  • Alupar | 5%
  • Cteep | 6%
  • Equatorial | 5%
  • Neoenergia | 4%
  • Cymi | 2%
  • Eletronorte | 3%
  • Sterlite Power Grid | 2%
  • Chesf | 3%
  • Eletrosul | 3%
  • Celeo | 3%
  • Energias do Brasil | 0%
  • Copel | 3%
  • Grupo Energia Bogotá | 2%
  • Other (Privates) | 21%
  • Other (State Owned) | 3%
* Considers the RAP from operational and under construction concessions